Green computing or green IT, refers to environmentally sustainable computing or IT. Green computing is defined as "the study and practice of designing, manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers, servers, and associated subsystems?such as monitors, printers, storage devices, and networking and communications systems ? efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment. The goals of green computing are reduce the use of hazardous materials, maximize energy efficiency during the product's lifetime, and promote the recyclability or biodegradability of defunct products and factory waste. Research continues into key areas such as making the use of computers as energy-efficient as possible, and designing algorithms and systems for efficiency-related computer technologies.
We love our computers for all the ways they make our lives (and the world) better -- the wealth of knowledge (and democratizing force) of the Internet, the instantaneous communication, the sophisticated tools that help us work and create and share. But this modern world's greatest tool is among our most disposable and resource-heavy items. Performance-wise, computer design has progressed staggeringly well and astonishingly fast but looking at it from a green perspective, the work has barely begun. It takes a lot of energy to create, package, store, and move every 10-20 megabytes of data. Even with energy prices as cheap as they are now, it will soon cost more to power a computer for four years than it does to buy a new one. When a computer dies it either rots in a landfill, or children in the developing world end up wrestling its components apart by hand, melting toxic bits torecover traces of heavy metals
Eco-Friendly Green Computing Definition defines Eco-Friendly Green Computing as the study and practice of the design, development, implementation, utilization and disposal of IT infrastructure efficiently and effectively with low or zero impact on the environment whilst reducing operating costs. Currently the ICT industry is responsible for 3% of the world's energy consumption. With the rate of consumption increasing by 20% a year, 2030 will be the year when the world's energy consumption will double because of the ICT industry.
Organizations use the Green Computing Lifecycle when designing and implementing green computing technologies. The stages in the Lifecycle include Strategy, Design, Implementation, Operations and Continual Improvements. The 5 core green computing technologies advocated by GCI are Green Data Center, Virtualization, Cloud Computing, Power Optimization and Grid Computing.
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