The first commercially used HVDC link in the world was built in 1954 between the mainland of Sweden and island of Gotland. Since the technique of power transmission by HVDC has been continuously developed.
In India, the first HVDC line in Rihand-Delhi in 1991 i.e. I 500 KV, 800 Mkl, 1000 KM. In Maharashtra in between Chandrapur & Padaghe at 1500 KV & 1000 MV. Global HVDC transmission capacity has increase from 20 MW in 1954 to 17.9 GW in 1984. Now the growth of DC transmission capacity has reached an average of 2500 MW/year.
The development of HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) transmission system dates back to the 1930s when mercury arc rectifiers were invented. Since the 1960s, HVDC transmission system is now a mature technology and has played a vital part in both long distance transmission and in the interconnection of systems. Transmitting power at high voltage and in DC form instead of AC is a new technology proven to be economic and simple in operation which is HVDC transmission. HVDC transmission systems, when installed, often form the backbone of an electric power system. They combine high reliability with a long useful life. An HVDC link avoids some of the disadvantages and limitations of AC transmission. HVDC transmission refers to that the AC power generated at a power plant is transformed into DC power before its transmission. At the inverter (receiving side), it is then transformed back into its original AC power and then supplied to each household. Such power transmission method makes it possible to transmit electric power in an economic way.
HVDC Light is the newly developed HVDC transmission technology, which is based on extruded DC cables and voltage source converters consisting of Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBT?s) with high switching frequency. It is a high voltage, direct current transmission Technology i.e., Transmission up to 330MW and for DC voltage in the ? 150kV range. Under more strict environmental and economical constraints due to the deregulation, the HVDC Light provides the most promising solution to power transmission and distribution. The new system results in many application opportunities and new applications in turn bring up new issues of concern. One of the most concerned issues from customers is the contribution of HVDC Light to short circuit currents. The main reason for being interested in this issue is that the contribution of the HVDC Light to short circuit currents may have some significant impact on the ratings for the circuit breakers in the existing AC systems. This paper presents a comprehensive investigation on one of the concerned issues, which is the contribution of HVDC Light to short circuit currents.
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