Solar Tree

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It is a form of renewable energy resource that is some measure competitive with fossil fuels. Hydro power is the force of energy of moving water. It provides about 96% of the renewable energy in the united state. Hydro electric power plants do not use any resources   to create electricity or they do not pollute the air. 
    The sun is a hydrodynamic spherical body of extremely hot ionized gases(plasma), generating energy by the process of the thermonuclear fusion. The temperature of interior of sun is estimated at 8*10^6 k to 40*10^6 k, where energy is released by fusion of hydrogen and helium.
Solar energy is available in abundance and considered as the easiest and cleanest means of tapping the renewable energy. For direct conversion of solar radiation into usable form, the routes are: solar thermal, solar photovoltaic and solar architecture. However the main problem associated with tapping solar energy is the requirement to install large solar collectors requires a very big space. To avoid this problem we can install a solar tree in spite of a no of solar panels which require a very small space. 


                            WHAT IS A SOLAR TREE
A solar tree is a decorative means of producing solar energy and also electricity. It uses multiple no of solar panels which forms the shape of a tree. The panels are arranged in a tree fashion in a tall tower/pole.
TREE stands for
T= TREE GENERATING
R=RENEWABLE
E=ENERGY and
E=ELECTRICITY

This is like a tree in structure and the panels are like leaves of the tree which produces energy.

As we know trees are present in nature and they can produce their own food material by the process called PHOTOSYNTHESIS. It is the process by which the green plant collects energy from sun and the water present in soil at the day time and can produces their own food material. By this process they are indirectly providing food to the human society because we are depending on the green plants for our food directly or indirectly.
Here we are considering the example for understanding about the solar tree. This is a tree in which the stems connected acts as the branches of the tree and the solar panels are like the leaves. Green leaves are producing food materials for human beings likewise this leaves are producing energy for the society. So it is very appropriate to called it as a tree.

Due to less land requirement:
It is the best option of energy generation because it requires very less land as compare to the traditional PV system. Now a day’s land becomes the costliest commodity for the human society because of high population growth. So we require such a plant which can generate maximum energy using minimum land.
Efficient energy generation:
It can generate energy very efficiently as compare to traditional system. Due to the technique called spiraling phyllataxy its efficiency further increase. Though it is somehow costly but as compare to all cost involve in traditional system it is more efficient.
It can collect energy from wind:
As the name suggest this is a device to generate energy from sun but it has some unique feature to generate energy from wind. The stem are flexible so that they can rotate in any direction and by shaking themselves they produce energy also from wind as in the case of a natural tree.   

 

            CONSTRUCTION AND WORKING

  • The solar tree consists of some important parts in its design. They are as follows

Solar panels
Long tower
LDEs
Batteries
Stems for connecting the panels
WORKING:

  • Batteries are charged during the  day time.
  • LEDs are automatically switched on
  • These are used to indicate how much charge/energy remain left
  • Batteries are also used to store the energy so that we can use it at night and in cloudy days when no sunlight is there.

WHY IT IS BETTER THAN A TRADITIONAL SYSTEM
For the traditional system we require large size of land to generate a small amount of power. It requires about 1% land as compare to the traditional system.
Example – To generate 2 MW power from a pv module we requires 10 -12 acres of land for housing of panels only.
But for the same amount of energy we require only 0.10-0.12 acres of land in case of solar tree.
SPIRALLING PHYLLATAXY
It is a technique used in designing of solar tree . it provides the way to help the lower panels from the shadow of upper ones, so that it can track maximum power from sun.

                                                              
                                                         Solar Tree Seminar Reports
                                                                               
                                   

 

                                           WHY IT IS UNIQUE
The unique technique is that flexible panels connected to the stem which can be rotated as our desire. So that flexibility avoidance of wind pressure can be possible. Flexibility offers manual rotating so that maximum power can be obtained.
                                              ADVANTAGES

  • No air pollution
  • We wouldn’t have to worry as much about future energy sources
  • People in poor country would have access to electricity
  • People can save money
  • Land requirement is very less

                                           DISADVANTAGES

  • Cost is high
  • May cause hazards to the birds and insects
  • Hazards to eyesight from solar reflectors

                            APPLICATION

  • Street light
  • House supply
  • Industrial power supply

 

                                            

                                            SOLAR TREE IN INDIA
India being a developing country and highly populated requires a power plant where maximum energy can be generated by using minimum land. Solar tree will be the best option to avoid this problem. We must try to produce energy from sun by using solar tree in our country to increase our per capita land and fulfil the growing energy demand. 
              CONCLUSION
To fulfil the increasing energy demand the people and saving of land this project is very successful one. This can provide electricity without any power cut problem. The extra energy can be provided to the grid.

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